Policies and Practices of One Health in Netherlands, Russia and India

PhD project Alena Kamenshchikova

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is presented as an urgent global health problem. Increasing level of zoonotic disease and spread of infections all over the globe indicates a strong interconnection between human health, animal health and environment.

Internationally it is called for an integrated One Health (OH) approach that emphasize interdependence of humans and non-humans beyond national borders. However, this approach is also criticized  from different perspectives. Some point to the fact that the ideal of integration is disguising differences in power and perspectives. Others point to the different global contexts of AMR as well as One Health or suggest to speak about multi species entanglements instead of One Health.

In this project current international policies One Health will be explored and policies and practices will be studied in three specific nation contexts: The Netherlands, Russia and India, countries with respectively low, medium and high levels of AMR. While the concept of OH is important to interlink humans, animal and environment, it has to be sensitive to local causes of AMR.

This interdisciplinary project develops on the interface of Science and Technology Studies, Ethnography, and Microbiology and Public Health. This research will contribute to the debate about the value of the concept One Health and the practices of One Health.